Faculty and Staff

Judy Bernstein

Professor • Department of Languages & Culture

Dr. Judy B. Bernstein completed a Ph.D. in Linguistics at the CUNY Graduate Center. Her dissertation focused on crosslinguistic comparisons across several Romance languages. In recent work she has focused on the morpho-syntax of definite articles and demonstratives in mainstream Romance languages like French, Italian, and Spanish, as well as minority Romance varieties like Walloon, Sardinian, Catalan, and Picard. Dr. Bernstein has also studied syntactic variation between General American English and stigmatized varieties of American English, such as Appalachian English and African American English. Before completing the Ph.D. in Linguistics, Dr. Bernstein was employed as a high school teacher of Spanish and then English as a Second Language (ESL).


PhD Linguistics, CUNY Graduate Center, New York, NY

MA Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), Hunter College, New York, NY

BA Spanish and Psychology (double major), University at Albany, Albany, NY


comparative syntax, Romance languages, morphology-syntax interface, stigmatized and minority languages, language acquisition

Representative Publications

Emphatic pronouns and the development of definite articles: Evidence for a layered DP in early Romance; , Journal of Historical Syntax; 2021

On the Emergence of Personal Articles in the History of Catalan; Cycles in Language Change; Oxford University Press; 2019

An effect of residual T-to-C movement in varieties of English; Word Order Change; Oxford University Press; 2018

Sardinian descendants of 'ipse' in comparative relief; , Capitoli di morfosintassi delle varietà romanze d’Italia: teoria e dati empirici (Supplementi al Bollettino, 21); Volume 21, 2018

Representative Presentations

Two D heads: Cartographic Evidence from Romance
Mapping Syntax - Universals, Variation, Acquisition, and Change, University of Oxford
Oxford, UK, 2022

Revisiting Scandinavian 'double definiteness' and its implications for the structure of DP
Comparative Germanic Syntax Workshop (CGSW) 36, University of Chicago
Chicago, IL 2022

Una asimetría entre pronombres clíticos y determinantes en ciertas lenguas románicas
Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes, Universidad de la Laguna
Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Spain, 2022

Evidence for an Articulated DP Structure from the History and Diversity of Romance Languages
Diachronic Generative Syntax (DiGS), New York University
New York, NY 2022

On the isomorphism of definite articles and clitic pronouns in Romance
Colloquium on Generative Grammar (CGG), Universitat de les Illes Balears
Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 2022

Fellowships, Grants and Research

Multilingualism and Stigma: a Syntactic Approach, Distinguished Visiting Scholar, Advanced Research Collaborative (ARC) Fellowship, CUNY Graduate Center, 2022-2023

The Grammatical Feature ‘person’ across Languages and Time, Fulbright Senior Research Fellowship (Italy), 2007-2008

The Comparative Morpho-Syntax of Appalachian English, National Science Foundation (NSF) grant, 2006-2008

A Systematic Study of the Syntax of Appalachian English, American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Fellowship, 2003-2004

The Exceptional Nature of the Noun Phrase in Walloon: Its Significance for Comparative Romance Syntax, National Science Foundation (NSF) dissertation grant, 1992

Notable Courses Taught

Understanding Human Language
Structure of Language
Stigmatized Englishes
Romance Languages in Diaspora
ESL Reading, Writing
General Linguistics (Graduate)
Structure of American English (Graduate)
Cross-linguistic Considerations of L2 Development in the Bilingual Classroom (Graduate)
Language Diversity, Loss and Change (Graduate)

232 Atrium

By appointment